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Forza d'Agrò paese medievale a due passi da Taormina e l'Etna. Ricco d'arte, storia e cultura, panorami mozzafiato. Famoso per aver accolto i cast di moltissimi film tra i quali Il Padrino parte I, Parte II e Parte III che hanno conseguito 27 nominations e 9 Oscar

Totale Visitatori dal 16 Giugno 2001
 Forza d'Agrò paese medievale a due passi da Taormina e l'Etna. Ricco di arte, storia e cultura, panorami mozzafiato. Famoso per aver accolto i cast di molti film.

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General History

It is not certain that the valley and hills the first settlers were the Sicani or Siculi. There may have been a village or commercial port called Phoinix, whereas more inland there was a small town named Kallipolis or Agrilla which was then destroyed. The first Greek  settlers arrived between VIII Century and the V Century BC and it is certain that it was them who gave the name ‘Arghennon ‘akron - Silver Promontory (Promontory: a point of high land jutting out into the sea) the actual Cape S. Alessio. Through the passing of time Akron changed to Argon to Agron then to Agrò.
As regards to the actual position of Forza D'Agrò it is believed that it had once been a fortress.
After the Roman conquest in 135 BC the Greek specification of "Arghennon" was substituted by "Agrillae" or "Agrille", the village, the subub and the set of houses within the margin of the River Agrò became Known as Vicum Agrillae - the Latin version.
The zone was then passed on to the Byzantine domain which lasted there centuries 536-827.
In the hillocks of the valley the community adapted the Greek-oriental cult and the Monastery of the Church of S. Peter and Paul of Agrò was erected in that period.
 To escape from other invasions the population moved more inland - Casale. In the VIII Century, there were more frequent Arabian incursions, and perhaps during this period the Monastery d'Agrò was destroyed.
It was under the reign of Count Ruggero the Norman and his successors that the Castle of Forza D'Agrò was built and the reconstruction of the Monastery of S. Peter and Paul. "Vicum Agrillae" is mentioned for the first time under the decree of Ruggero II 1117. When "Vicum" wasn't big enough for the expanding population, in search of security and independence, the people moved higher up the mountain - known as Magghia an area on a flat levelling. The area around the guardroom became another picturesque neighbourhood knows as the Quartarello. The name given to the village was Fortilicium d'Agrò (Fortezza d' Agrò - Fortress of Agrò) abbreviated to Forza D'Agrò. It was in the XIV Century that the village slowly took shape and has been conserved to the present day.
After the revolution in 1674 between Spain and France, Forza D'Agrò remained loyal to Spanish - it was treated as a territorial conquest. Savoca absorbed Forza D'Agrò lost its privileges which had been donated to them by Ruggero II.
The University of Agrò lost no time in trying to retrieve its privileges concessed to them by the Norman King.
The first fifty years of 1700 was spent fighting for these rights between, the Forzese and the Great Admiralty. Even though the citizens were represented by courageous officials, it had almost always had to abide to the authorities of that time.
At the beginning of 1800 the English occupied the Castle of S. Alessio and the Castle of Forza D'Agrò to defend the area from Napoleonic attacks. In 1866 a law relating to the surpression of religeous estates gave the state the power to take possesion of ecclesiastical assets. The Franciscan morks, those of St. Catherine and St. Agustine were forced to leave their convents. The conventes were then transformed into administrative offices. In the early 1900 many Forzese left the village in search of fortune. Most emigrated to America.
Fortunately the area of Forza D'Agrò was almost untouched by the Nazis. However, their presence was felt. They escavated a secret tunnel in the Cape of S. Alessio.
In 1948, the hamlet of S. Alessio detached itself from Forza d'Agrò, becoming an autonomous community.

Translation by  Maria Nirelli and Christine Ware

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